This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.
Environmental management, which involves the management of all components of the biophysical environment, both living (biotic) and non-living (abiotic), is now so universal that it can produce 80 million responses on a search engine. Whereas management focuses on resources and has always been necessary because of the impact of Homo sapiens upon the Earth, planning can be undertaken with a cultural or demand bias. Early attempts at environmental management were direct responses to problems or hazards posed by the environment, such as flooding, but subsequently conservation movements developed as it was appreciated that certain environments or species were at risk and should be preserved. With greater population pressure it became appreciated that long-term environmental management must be based upon both scientific understanding ...