This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.  

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

Environmental impact assessment (EIA)

An agency intending a major development is required by EIA to file an EI Statement with the appropriate authority. Its purpose is to estimate the effect on land, water, biota and atmosphere that the development is likely to have and to offer mitigations. Informal statements and the production of analogous evidence at inquiries and hearings long preceded the introduction of EIA into legislation during the 1970s. Because it relies on a high degree of scientific input and a competence to deliver compliance, it has been most effective in developed countries; court challenges to the validity of statements are relatively common. Most statements include a description of the project, its site. The main components of the development throughout its lifetime, ...

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