This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.  

Ecosystem-Based Management

Ecosystem-based management

Progressive concepts of ‘ecosystem-based management’ emphasize four common principles, namely that effective management must: (1) be integrated among components of the ecosystem and resource uses and users, (2) lead sustainable outcomes, (3) take precaution in avoiding deleterious actions, and (4) be adaptive in seeking more effective approaches based on experiences. These principles have important implications for addressing the coastal environmental crises world-wide. Although frameworks exist for integration of management objectives in a number of regions, the technical ability for the quantitatively assessment of multiple stressors and strategies is still in an early stage of development, particularly concerning planning and restoring major coastal ecosystems in the Gulf of Mexico and in Latin America as well.

Science is also being challenged to identify sustainable futures, ...

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