This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.
Coastal Management, or Coastal Zone Management as it is sometimes termed, is an important topic in environmental science because the coastlines of Earth are experiencing rapid rise in sea level as a result of global warming. As glacial ice melts and the oceans of the world warm and expand, they are rising at rates that are changing coastal ecosystems [Page 360]at low-lying areas around the globe. Coastal erosion is threatening low-lying islands and in some places tens of millions of people may be displaced due to rising water during the next 100 years. At present, sea level is rising world-wide at the rate of a millimetre or so per year and various mathematical models suggest that during the next century, the rise is ...