This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.
Geomorphology literally means study (Greek logos) the shape or form (morphe) of the earth (ge). The name first appeared in the German literature in 1858 but came into general use, including with the US Geological Survey, after about 1890. For some time the term physiography persisted in North America although that term eventually became used for regional geomorphology. Although originating in geology it became more geographically based with the contributions of W.M. Davis (1850–1934) who developed a normal cycle of erosion, suggested that it developed through stages of youth, maturity and old age; conceived other cycles including the arid, coastal and glacial cycles; and proposed that landscape was a function of structure, process and stage or time. His attractive ideas dominated geomorphology for the ...