This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.
Founded in the aftermath of World War II, the United Nations is best known for its debates in the Security Council and General Assembly. In an environmental context, its work is addressed mainly through the role of specialized agencies, though from time to time the General Assembly will mandate an especially important gathering, such as the 1992 ‘Earth Summit’ conference in Rio de Janeiro. The leading agency is the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) which collects data, provides information and encourages action across the whole field of environmental processes in atmospheric and terrestrial ecosystems as affected by humans and also in conservation areas. Another key agency is the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) which deals among other things with the standardization of data, their ...