This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.
Eustatic sea-level rise (ESLR) is the rise in the level of the sea that is due to the increase in the volume of the world's oceans. It increased at a rate of 1–2 mm yr-1 over the last century and it is predicted to accelerate over the coming century by a factor of 3–4. ESLR is due to two main factors, an increase in the surface layers of the oceans due to thermal expansion and melting of land-based ice masses (glaciers and ice caps). There is a broad consensus in the scientific community (articulated by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in 2007) that the main cause of the acceleration of sea-level rise is due to human-induced global warming. Accelerated sea-level rise ...