This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.
Geology is defined in the AGI Glossary in 1987 as:
The study of the planet Earth – the materials of which it is made, the processes that act on these materials, the products formed, and the history of the planet and its life forms since its origin. Geology considers the physical forces that act on the Earth, the chemistry of its constituent materials, and the biology of its past inhabitants as revealed by fossils. Clues on the origin of the planets are sought in a study of the Moon and other extraterrestrial bodies.
[Page 35]Geology is a relatively young science, conceived in 1785 when the Scottish ‘father of geology’, James Hutton, realized the evolution of the Earth required millions of years. Hutton's works were not widely known ...