This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.  

Landscape Ecology

Landscape ecology

Landscape ecology includes those methods of describing physical environment in ways which indicate how the environment may be utilized for agriculture, forestry, residential or other purposes. In this sense it differs from land evaluation which relates use to a specific purpose. Therefore, according to Vink in 1983, a major task of landscape ecology is to describe and characterize landscape according to relationships between the biosphere and the anthroposphere, and in more detail it has been defined by Kupfer in 1995 as:

… the study of how spatial scale and heterogeneity affect ecological processes. Landscape ecological principles are drawn from a diverse array of disciplines and fields, including physical and human geography, biology, geology, forestry, wildlife management, landscape architecture and planning … The central ...

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