This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.  

Field Studies and Surveying in Geology

Field studies and surveying in geology

Geologists go into the field to study the Earth because that is where the rocks are. The rocks contain the record of Earth history as well as mineral and energy resources geologists seek for eventual societal exploitation.

A geologic field study documents much useful information about the types of rocks in the study area, including their spatial and temporal relations to one another; the thickness and extent of strata; the kind, size, and extent of structural features in the rocks, such as folds and faults; the kinds of faults that cut the rocks, as well as which way and how much the rocks have been displaced by the fault; the locations of lava flows, relics ...

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