This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.
This area of the natural sciences brings to bear relevant techniques which allow the reconstruction of the environment of early human communities, where these are being investigated by the methods of archaeology. The main categories are those which deal with sediments and those that look into biological remains. With sediments, analysis of constituents such as particle size, mineral element composition and degree of weathering all help to answer questions about the landforms and soils of an archaeological site and may lead to important discoveries about the role which humans played in the formation of sediments, their transport and their deposition. For example, the human-directed removal of forest from a steep hillside will probably mean the downwashing of soil and weathered rock to form colluvium at ...