This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.
Environmental chemistry is the study of the chemistry of the natural world. This is sometimes related to, but is often separate from chemistry studies carried out in chemical laboratories. Environmental chemistry includes a number of sub-disciplines including atmospheric chemistry, geochemistry (see separate entry), biochemistry, and the related biogeochemistry. Biogeochemistry is concerned with chemical processes that take place as organisms interact with their environment. This might also be called ecological chemistry. Nutrient cycling is the study of the dynamics of the major chemical elements or macronutrients that control the productivity and metabolism of natural systems, including the carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulphur, and silicon cycles. Plants require sufficient quantities of these and other elements for growth to take place and if one element is ...