This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.  

Earth Surface Processes

Earth surface processes

Processes that affect and modify the surface of the Earth, including geomorphological, pedological, biological and geological processes. Surface processes that occur on or above the surface are termed exogenetic, whereas those that occur below the surface are termed endogenetic and sometimes geological. Sometimes Earth surface processes are taken to refer to the geomorphological processes as in the journal Earth Surface Processes and Land-forms published since 1977. Processes affecting the Earth's surface are dependent upon energy, which can be derived from solar radiation that drives the hydrological cycle, from gravity, whereby position above sea level provides potential gravitational energy, and geothermal energy which derives from the store of heat energy inside the Earth. Operation of Earth surface processes involves interaction of several ...

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