This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.
Process-form relationships refer to those links between physical and biochemical processes that cause change at or near the surface of the Earth to the form of the land. For example, runoff from precipitation over the land is concentrated in channels that eventually form rivers that flow to the sea. The running water is a process that interacts with materials such as sand and gravel that self-organize to form the bed and banks of a stream system. The flowing water modifies and forms the river channel, but the river channel itself organizes to control the flow that causes deposition and erosion of materials at varying locations along the river. When the relationships between process and form are investigated, the chicken-and-egg paradox soon appears. ...