This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.
Post-modernism is a reaction to modernism in the sphere of culture, which abandons the idea of master narratives. Especially relevant here is the rejection of the objectivity of the natural sciences in favour of localized findings specific to the people and places involved in them. The sociology of science for example is much concerned with the cultural background and motivations of individual researchers, with the culture of their field (what to publish, where and with whom?), and the institutional constraints they may find. Knowledge is therefore of its time and place and not necessarily part of a master narrative of the whole of the scientific endeavor. This notion extends itself into the area of values, where any pretence to universal values (such as justice) ...