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A new paradigm for supervising offenders in the community Environmental Corrections is an innovative guide filled with rich insights and strategies for probation and parole officers to effectively integrate offenders back into the community and reduce recidivism. Authors Lacey Schaefer, Francis T. Cullen, and John E. Eck move beyond traditional models for interventions and build directly on the applied focus of environmental criminology theories. Using this approach, the authors answer the question of what officers can do to decrease opportunities for an offender to commit a crime. Readers will learn how to recognize and assess specific criminal opportunities in an offender’s past and gain the tools and strategies they need to design an individualized supervision plan that channels offenders away from these criminogenic situations.

Making Offender Supervision Work
Making Offender Supervision Work

There are nearly 5 million people on probation and parole: 1 in 48 adults in the United States is under some form of community correctional supervision (Glaze & Bonczar, 2011). Although underfunded in many ways, we still devote an enormous amount of resources to the task of supervising these offenders. For instance, America has more than 100,000 probation officers (and expects to add 25,000 more officers in the coming decade; Allen, Latessa, & Ponder, 2013), and each year the nation spends $12.9 billion on non-institutional corrections (Kyckelhahn, 2012). These expenditures are justified by promising that community supervision will protect public safety. We restrict the freedoms of millions of people because we believe that it helps to prevent ...

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