A new paradigm for supervising offenders in the community Environmental Corrections is an innovative guide filled with rich insights and strategies for probation and parole officers to effectively integrate offenders back into the community and reduce recidivism. Authors Lacey Schaefer, Francis T. Cullen, and John E. Eck move beyond traditional models for interventions and build directly on the applied focus of environmental criminology theories. Using this approach, the authors answer the question of what officers can do to decrease opportunities for an offender to commit a crime. Readers will learn how to recognize and assess specific criminal opportunities in an offender’s past and gain the tools and strategies they need to design an individualized supervision plan that channels offenders away from these criminogenic situations.
Chapter 5: Getting Offenders to Think Right
The central argument advanced in this text is that reducing the availability of and access to crime opportunities will prevent re-offending among community-supervised offenders. Drawing on crime science innovations, the daily routines of probationers and parolees can be designed to limit offenders’ exposure to situations where crime is more likely to occur. Community corrections conditions should be tailored to the individual supervisee’s crime opportunities, fashioning his or her day-to-day activities to avoid chances to offend by replacing high-crime environments with prosocial surroundings. However, because it is not possible to provide supervision stipulations that would prevent an offender from encountering all crime opportunities, it is also necessary to address criminal propensity.
The traditional model of offender monitoring ...