A new paradigm for supervising offenders in the community Environmental Corrections is an innovative guide filled with rich insights and strategies for probation and parole officers to effectively integrate offenders back into the community and reduce recidivism. Authors Lacey Schaefer, Francis T. Cullen, and John E. Eck move beyond traditional models for interventions and build directly on the applied focus of environmental criminology theories. Using this approach, the authors answer the question of what officers can do to decrease opportunities for an offender to commit a crime. Readers will learn how to recognize and assess specific criminal opportunities in an offender’s past and gain the tools and strategies they need to design an individualized supervision plan that channels offenders away from these criminogenic situations.
Chapter 4: Developing Offender Supervision Technology
Consistent with the crime-reduction effects observed in environmental criminology interventions, offender supervision within community corrections could likewise benefit from crime science principles. As discussed in the previous chapter, the foundational component of environmental corrections is limiting probationers’ and parolees’ exposure to crime opportunities. To restrict offenders’ access to situations that contain these opportunities, however, the opportunities must first be properly identified. Chapter 3 presented resources that can aid in creating an opportunity-reduction supervision case plan; yet to obtain the data necessary to do so, new technologies are required. Accordingly, the current chapter presents examples of such technologies. Although each instrument would require tailoring for the context in which it is used (such as the data that are ...