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A new paradigm for supervising offenders in the community Environmental Corrections is an innovative guide filled with rich insights and strategies for probation and parole officers to effectively integrate offenders back into the community and reduce recidivism. Authors Lacey Schaefer, Francis T. Cullen, and John E. Eck move beyond traditional models for interventions and build directly on the applied focus of environmental criminology theories. Using this approach, the authors answer the question of what officers can do to decrease opportunities for an offender to commit a crime. Readers will learn how to recognize and assess specific criminal opportunities in an offender’s past and gain the tools and strategies they need to design an individualized supervision plan that channels offenders away from these criminogenic situations.

How to Supervise Offenders
How to Supervise Offenders

Probation and parole often are largely ineffective in reducing recidivism because supervision is based on the failed strategy of generic deterrence (Glaze & Bonczar, 2011; Glaze, Bonczar, & Zhang, 2010; MacKenzie, 2006; Petersilia & Turner, 1993; Solomon et al., 2005; Taxman, 2002). As discussed previously, research has demonstrated that attempts to have offenders comply with strict rules or be “scared straight” through intensive supervision or by threats of revocation do not work. With this limited success, it is clear that a new approach to community supervision is past due. We argue that a promising alternative, rooted in the theory and research of environmental criminology, involves teaching probation and parole officers how to reduce their supervisees’ exposure to ...

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