Empowerment evaluation - a method for using evaluation concepts, techniques and findings to foster improvement and self-determination - is the focus of this book. After an examination of the method as it has been adopted in academic and foundation settings, the book looks at the various contexts in which empowerment evaluation is conducted, ranging from resistant environments to responsive environments. Critical concerns in empowerment evaluation, such as the role of empowerment theory and multiple levels of empowerment from individual to societal, are then discussed. The book also provides tools and technical assistance needed to conduct empowerment evaluation. The concluding section of the book serves to strengthen the links between empow

Conclusion: Reflections on Emergent Themes and Next Steps

Conclusion: Reflections on emergent themes and next steps
David M.Fetterman

Empowerment evaluation is more than a recommendation for the future, it is a statement about the present—a crystallization of many similar approaches. Empowerment evaluation has already taken hold in government, foundations, nonprofits, and academe. It has been adopted in programs throughout the world because it is responsive to fundamental needs and helps to improve program practice.

Empowerment evaluation's fluidity can be frightening for external evaluators who have not lived with program participants, but can feel natural to those who work in and with social programs on a daily basis. A comparison with fuzzy logic in the computer industry might be useful. At first shunned because it was not an objective—yes ...

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