- Subject index
Employment is closely connected to wealth, status, and security and is therefore a subject of interest across a range of academic disciplines. Employment Relations in the United States incorporates a wealth of research material from these different specialties to provide a historical perspective on the American workplace and the evolution of legal policies affecting employment. The analysis follows both a chronological and thematic arrangement, beginning with the importance of management practices, the growth of labor organizations and the impact of collective bargaining on employment institutions, and the subsequent rise of individual employment rights enforced through administrative and judicial means. Through its evolutionary approach, the book explains the fragmented, overlapping, and conceptually confusing regulatory environment governing workplace relations. It offers an integrated approach to such important contemporary policy issues as health care coverage, pensions, and effective dispute procedures. The book provides an analytical framework for an understanding of the unique nature of our labor markets and the role of government, employers, and unions. Key Features Provides students with the historical background they need to understand how the U.S. system developed and how it differs from systems in other industrialized nations Discusses individual employment rights, including protection from discrimination Covers current policy issues in employment, including raising the minimum wage, the growth of a contingent workforce, and privatizing retirement Offers a unique historical and evolutionary explanation of the nature of employment relations As a general overview of contemporary employment relations, Employment Relations in the United States is a perfect supplement to college courses in employment law, human resource management, and collective bargaining. Human resource managers, mediators, and professionals involved in labor relations will also find this an essential reference.
Chapter 5: Rise and Decline of the Labor Movement, 1935–2000
Rise and Decline of the Labor Movement, 1935–2000
As the previous chapter shows, the National Labor Relations (Wagner) Act (NLRA) represented a profound historical shift in the relations between labor and capital in the United States. That change in dimensions of power provided the impetus for workers to join unions at an unprecedented rate, and even though many employers continued to oppose collective bargaining, labor made key breakthroughs that formed the groundwork for the contemporary labor system. This chapter examines the major events in the rise and decline of organized labor from 1935 to the end of the twentieth century. Over the course of nearly seven decades, unions created and sustained important patterns in labor markets that still ...