- Subject index
Employment is closely connected to wealth, status, and security and is therefore a subject of interest across a range of academic disciplines. Employment Relations in the United States incorporates a wealth of research material from these different specialties to provide a historical perspective on the American workplace and the evolution of legal policies affecting employment. The analysis follows both a chronological and thematic arrangement, beginning with the importance of management practices, the growth of labor organizations and the impact of collective bargaining on employment institutions, and the subsequent rise of individual employment rights enforced through administrative and judicial means. Through its evolutionary approach, the book explains the fragmented, overlapping, and conceptually confusing regulatory environment governing workplace relations. It offers an integrated approach to such important contemporary policy issues as health care coverage, pensions, and effective dispute procedures. The book provides an analytical framework for an understanding of the unique nature of our labor markets and the role of government, employers, and unions. Key Features Provides students with the historical background they need to understand how the U.S. system developed and how it differs from systems in other industrialized nations Discusses individual employment rights, including protection from discrimination Covers current policy issues in employment, including raising the minimum wage, the growth of a contingent workforce, and privatizing retirement Offers a unique historical and evolutionary explanation of the nature of employment relations As a general overview of contemporary employment relations, Employment Relations in the United States is a perfect supplement to college courses in employment law, human resource management, and collective bargaining. Human resource managers, mediators, and professionals involved in labor relations will also find this an essential reference.
Chapter 4: The Creation of Federal Labor Policy: World War I Through the New Deal
The Creation of Federal Labor Policy: World War I Through the New Deal
In the two decades from 1916 to 1935, U.S. society underwent dramatic and wrenching changes. World War I provided the opportunity for extensive federal involvement in key sectors of the economy; as a result, workers gained a greater voice than ever before in workplace matters.1 The new employment conditions raised workers' expectations about better pay, working conditions, and relations with management. At the end of the war, employers made clear that they would not willingly adopt collective bargaining as the primary means of employment administration, and they took concrete steps to reduce the power and influence of unions. The Great ...