- Subject index
“This study of ‘elite racism,’ which can be subtle but is in fact pervasive and sometimes mundane, is an important contribution to the study of racism and a fine example of comparative race and ethnic studies. Intended for undergraduate and graduate students and scholars, it can also be profitably read by anyone interested in understanding the multiple manifestations of racism in U.S. and European societies.” --Choice
Chapter 1: Introduction
The Reality of Racism
In late 1991 and early 1992, as the last versions of this book were being written, ethnic minorities, immigrants, and refugees in North America and especially in Europe continued to be confronted with increasing racism, ethnicism, and xenophobia. In view of the unification of the European Community (EC) in 1993, minority policies and restrictions on immigration become harsher each day. The ideological legitimation of these policies and practices leaves little doubt about the ways people with a different color or culture are being viewed by white politicians in power, and about the position of minorities in the future united fortress of Europe.
Affirmative Action and Equal Opportunity policies, if any, are subject to constant pressure, despite widespread discrimination in hiring and promotion, ...