Any intentional group is based on a coherent group plan. This book will identify the elements that are basic to any plan and will apply these elements within an ongoing example. Among the elements to be included are: Identifying the Population, Need and Environmental Assessment, Goals, Rationale for Using Group, Type of Group, Conceptual Framework Used, attention to Group Developmental stage and to Group Dynamics, Group Size, Group Composition, Session-by-Session plans, Evaluation Methodology.



Current best practice (Thomas & Pender, 2008) suggests that groups are essentially designed and planned before the first group member is interviewed. In practice, however, this is often not the case. In fact, popular myth suggests that planning somehow signifies incompetence. Bob Conyne (1999) said it best in Failures in Group Work: How We Can Learn From Our Mistakes: “In fact, not so long ago, it was believed by many (some to this day) that if group leaders were ‘really good,’ not only did they not need to plan but the planning would distract from their spontaneity and effectiveness as group leaders” (p. 8).

In contrast, the Association for Specialists in Group Work (ASGW) Best Practice Guidelines (Thomas & Pender, 2008) suggests three major ...

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