- Subject index
Educational Theories and Practices from the Majority World draws attention to ethnocentrism in educational research and practice. Whether it is educational theory, research or educational practices, most of the discourse is strongly marked by one single model, Western, so-called “modern” schooling. Scientific knowledge about education is typically seen as Western, and non-Western contexts are made subject to Western paradigms of inquiry.
This book counters this Western ethnocentrism and suggests some means to fight it. The Western perspective stems from a minority and it does not represent the majority of the world population that is situated outside of Europe and North-America. For millennia, various forms of educational theory and practices have been developed all over the world, and these are still in existence even though they may be ignored and despised by mainstream educational science. What does this wealth of educational forms have to offer in terms of innovative ideas? Could some of these be used to improve the quality and the appropriateness of modern schooling everywhere in the world?
The book contains contributions by authors from Africa, Asia, Europe, North America, Oceania, and South America. Several of them usually write in French or in Spanish, which will permit access to theories and research not always covered in English.
Chapter 5: Curriculum Localization: A View from the South
Curriculum Localization: A View from the South
This chapter will explore some of the newly emerging pedagogies of the South, and introduce several of its pedagogues. The ‘South’ is referred to here in both its geographical and its metaphorical senses. I will focus in particular on the island nations of the South Pacific, on Papua New Guinea, and on South East Asia, describing how my colleagues in these contexts are trying to localize school curricula by developing pedagogies that are more in harmony with local languages, values, and cultural traditions.
The field of curriculum localization is one of the considerable contestation. The imposed curricula of the west have taken deep hold in the south, and have proved highly impervious ...