Educational Theories and Practices from the Majority World draws attention to ethnocentrism in educational research and practice. Whether it is educational theory, research or educational practices, most of the discourse is strongly marked by one single model, Western, so-called “modern” schooling. Scientific knowledge about education is typically seen as Western, and non-Western contexts are made subject to Western paradigms of inquiry.
This book counters this Western ethnocentrism and suggests some means to fight it. The Western perspective stems from a minority and it does not represent the majority of the world population that is situated outside of Europe and North-America. For millennia, various forms of educational theory and practices have been developed all over the world, and these are still in existence even though they may be ignored and despised by mainstream educational science. What does this wealth of educational forms have to offer in terms of innovative ideas? Could some of these be used to improve the quality and the appropriateness of modern schooling everywhere in the world?
The book contains contributions by authors from Africa, Asia, Europe, North America, Oceania, and South America. Several of them usually write in French or in Spanish, which will permit access to theories and research not always covered in English.
Chapter 16: The Globalization of Schooling: Major Trends and Issues in the South and the North
The Globalization of Schooling: Major Trends and Issues in the South and the North
In this text we will discuss the principle challenges facing schooling from an international perspective. In the first section we will provide certain essential benchmarks on the origins and evolution of formal schooling. In the next section we uncover what schooling in the ‘North’ and the ‘South’1 has in common. In the third section we will analyze the specificities of schooling in the South, how new ways of appropriating schooling are emerging throughout countries of the South and are contributing to the ongoing discussion on schooling. We continue by enumerating some consequences of globalization on educational systems, ...