Educational Theories and Practices from the Majority World draws attention to ethnocentrism in educational research and practice. Whether it is educational theory, research or educational practices, most of the discourse is strongly marked by one single model, Western, so-called “modern” schooling. Scientific knowledge about education is typically seen as Western, and non-Western contexts are made subject to Western paradigms of inquiry.
This book counters this Western ethnocentrism and suggests some means to fight it. The Western perspective stems from a minority and it does not represent the majority of the world population that is situated outside of Europe and North-America. For millennia, various forms of educational theory and practices have been developed all over the world, and these are still in existence even though they may be ignored and despised by mainstream educational science. What does this wealth of educational forms have to offer in terms of innovative ideas? Could some of these be used to improve the quality and the appropriateness of modern schooling everywhere in the world?
The book contains contributions by authors from Africa, Asia, Europe, North America, Oceania, and South America. Several of them usually write in French or in Spanish, which will permit access to theories and research not always covered in English.
Chapter 15: Globalization, Education, and Cultural Diversity
Globalization, Education, and Cultural Diversity
The Westernization of the world began with the Crusades and continued through the first ‘discoveries’ of other continents by Portuguese, Spanish and other European expeditions during the late 15th century. The evangelization of the ‘pagans’, the civilization of the ‘savages’, the myth of ‘development’, and the current economic and cultural globalization are periods of the same historical process of economic, political, and cultural domination through the imposition of Western ethnocentrism in the world. In every period, cultural domination, although in different ways, has been accompanied by political and economic domination.
Currently, globalization is part of the historical process of economic domination under the worldwide expansion of capitalism. It has been consolidated after the fall of the Berlin ...