- Subject index
Educational Theories and Practices from the Majority World draws attention to ethnocentrism in educational research and practice. Whether it is educational theory, research or educational practices, most of the discourse is strongly marked by one single model, Western, so-called “modern” schooling. Scientific knowledge about education is typically seen as Western, and non-Western contexts are made subject to Western paradigms of inquiry.
This book counters this Western ethnocentrism and suggests some means to fight it. The Western perspective stems from a minority and it does not represent the majority of the world population that is situated outside of Europe and North-America. For millennia, various forms of educational theory and practices have been developed all over the world, and these are still in existence even though they may be ignored and despised by mainstream educational science. What does this wealth of educational forms have to offer in terms of innovative ideas? Could some of these be used to improve the quality and the appropriateness of modern schooling everywhere in the world?
The book contains contributions by authors from Africa, Asia, Europe, North America, Oceania, and South America. Several of them usually write in French or in Spanish, which will permit access to theories and research not always covered in English.
Chapter 11: Sanskrit Schools in Varanasi between Traditions and Transition
Sanskrit Schools in Varanasi between Traditions and Transition
Like other forms of traditional schooling, the Sanskrit school is not very well known in the West. The few documents that do exist deal mainly with historical and philosophical aspects, and somewhat skim over the pedagogical aspects, and, apart from Protopapas (1998) and Michaels (2001), nobody has studied its adequacy or inadequacy for the needs of contemporary Indian society. Therefore, it seemed important to us to take an interest in these aspects. The study of two Sanskrit schools, one only for girls and the other only for boys, will allow us to have a better understanding of educational practices still in use in these schools. It will also enable ...