- Subject index
This long-awaited second edition of Economy/Society Markets, Meanings, and Social Structure continues to offer an accessible introduction to the way social arrangements affect economic activity, and shows that economic exchanges are deeply embedded in social relationships. Understanding how society shapes the economy helps us answer many important questions. For example, how does advertising get people to buy things? How do people use their social connections to get jobs? How did large bureaucratic organizations come to be so pervasive in modern economies—and what difference does it make? How can we explain the persistence of economic inequalities between men and women and across racial groups? Why do some countries become rich while others stay poor? This book presents sociological answers to questions like these, and encourages its readers to view the economy through a sociological lens.
Chapter 7: Economic Development
What is the first thing that comes to mind when you think of economic underdevelopment? Southern Californians probably have a better understanding of the term than many other Americans. California, one of the richest states in the United States, shares a border with the poor Mexican state of Baja California. Many Californians have had the unforgettable experience of crossing the U.S.–Mexico border at San Diego, arriving in the Mexican city of Tijuana, which essentially takes the traveler from an orderly and prosperous urban area to a much poorer one—a striking contrast for people on both sides of the border. At the same time, thousands of Mexicans can be seen crossing the border from Tijuana to San Diego, drawn by the substantially higher ...