- Subject index
This long-awaited second edition of Economy/Society Markets, Meanings, and Social Structure continues to offer an accessible introduction to the way social arrangements affect economic activity, and shows that economic exchanges are deeply embedded in social relationships. Understanding how society shapes the economy helps us answer many important questions. For example, how does advertising get people to buy things? How do people use their social connections to get jobs? How did large bureaucratic organizations come to be so pervasive in modern economies—and what difference does it make? How can we explain the persistence of economic inequalities between men and women and across racial groups? Why do some countries become rich while others stay poor? This book presents sociological answers to questions like these, and encourages its readers to view the economy through a sociological lens.
Chapter 4: Networks in the Economy
Networks in the Economy
Recent college graduates are fond of saying that they have joined the “real world” after their four (or more) years of higher education. Getting a job is a central part of joining this real world, and one obtains such a job after being “on the job market.” College seniors learn the art of the résumé, attend job fairs, and scan online job postings looking for openings that suit them. The job market is discussed almost as if it were a distinct place where employers can meet up with unemployed college graduates whom they have never before met and hire the ones they need and like. Indeed, corporate employers often set up brief meetings with graduating college seniors to ...