This book offers a comprehensive picture of how economic forces have emerged as being of central importance in India and the kind of economic growth that the Indian polity has been able to achieve within the framework of democratic politics. It proposes that the modern state is inextricably linked with two other factors of modern life: economic growth and democratic politics.
Economy, Democracy and the State: The Indian Experience explores the patterns of economic growth (both industrial and agricultural) and its impact on Indian democratic politics. It offers an insight into how the changing patterns of economic growth in the country have determined government policies and questions the extent to which the hopes and aspirations of the common man have been satisfied. This exploration of the interrelation between democracy and economy yields a better understanding of the nature and working of the Indian democracy.
This book will be an informative resource for scholars and students of political science and political economy. It will also hold the interest of general readers concerned with the economic and political developments in the country.
At Independence, India—a truncated India—faced problems that cried for solutions. They were not new problems but were rendered more complex and severe by the British presence in India for about two centuries. In the 90 years of their rule, the British rulers did initiate, willy-nilly, the process of economic development; but this proved insufficient to break the low-equilibrium trap and release the creative entrepreneurial energy to introduce a self-propelling dynamism in the Indian economy. As Tomlinson notes, the economic and political conditions in which India achieved Independence were difficult. The strains, first of the Great Depression and then of the Second World War, followed by the transfer of power and Partition circumscribed the scope of actions to foster economic growth and development.1 ...