• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Economic Reforms in SAARC Countries presents a cross-country comparison of development indicators in the SAARC countries with respect to the recent Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization (LPG). Presenting an empirical analysis, the book brings in the theoretical background relating to the growth of public expenditure as articulated by Adolf Wagner and other researchers in the 19th and early 20th centuries along with the Displacement Effect Hypothesis as advanced by Peacock and Wiseman in the mid-20th century. This book re-examines these theories and the views of researchers with respect to the changes in economic policies and studies the relevance of these in the present context. The book re-interprets the theories in the light of the impact of policy changes with time series analysis highlighting the changes in the structure of the estimated equation using dummy variables. The book discusses the differential growth of a few macro-economic variables in the SAARC countries with respect to time in the pre- and post-LPG period. It examines the determinants of development indicators in the post-LPG period identifying the most important determinants.


Many less developed countries were following a planned and controlled economic system until the 1970s and 1980s. There has been a U-turn in the economic policies in many of these less developed countries in the late 1970s and 1980s. This U-turn in the policies at the apex level has often been termed as liberalization, privatization and globalization (LPG). In the liberalized economies, ‘deregulation’ encourages ‘free play’ of the market/economy players. This scenario has been experienced by many less developed economies in the world and the SAARC countries are of no exception. This period or the LPG era is usually referred to as the period of globalization and trade liberalization for the SAARC countries which is a phenomenon in the last quarter of the ...

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