The role of India and China is expanding in the global economy. A whole new array of economic and financial issues are emerging which need to be tackled if the current period of growth is to endure. The issues that need attention include how to expand the services sector, especially financial services; how to keep pace with the incredible growth of the manufacturing sector; how to ensure the widest possible diffusion of the huge economic gains seen over the last ten years and how to provide the framework for the development of two-fifths of the human race.
Economic Reforms in India and China: Emerging Issues and Challenges aims at providing the goals, strategies and policies to tackle these issues. It discusses the efforts to address issues like encouraging less successful sectors of the economy that have been complicated by forces of globalization and the ever-changing realities of today's global economy and appraises issues pertaining to economic reforms. The articles explore ways to improve the well-being of the poor, to design effective structures and institutions for poverty reduction and how the reforms, in their economic, political and social dimensions can be used to tackle global developmental issues.
Chapter Nineteen: Energy–Environment Linkages in India and China: A Comparative Review of Issues and Challenges
Energy–Environment Linkages in India and China: A Comparative Review of Issues and Challenges
India's ongoing population explosion has placed great strain on the country's environment. This rapidly growing population, along with a move toward urbanization and industrialization, has placed significant pressure on India's infrastructure and its natural resources. Deforestation, soil erosion, water pollution and land degradation continue to worsen and are hindering economic development in rural India, while the rapid industrialization and urbanization in India's booming metropolises are straining the limits of municipal services and causing serious air pollution problems.
Despite a greater commitment by the Indian government to protect public health, forests and wildlife, policies geared to develop the country's economy have taken ...