- Subject index
Dual Diagnosis presents a model that integrates theory and research from substance abuse and mental health as well as proposing simultaneous integrated treatment in a single setting. Building upon a solid theoretical and research foundation, the book discusses the unique problems and treatment methods tailored for specific mental illnesses when combined with substance abuse, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, major depression, major personality disorders, and anxiety disorders.
Chapter 8: Anxiety Disorders and Substance-Related Disorders
Anxiety Disorders and Substance-Related Disorders
Anxiety refers to sensations and is associated with strong feelings of apprehension related to a real or perceived threat of danger. When anxiety becomes “intense, excessive …, with a strong sense of loss of control and inappropriate attentional focus” (Barlow, 1988, p. 579), it may indicate the presence of one of the clusters of anxiety disorders.
Researchers suggest that chronic anxiety disorders represent a complex process of cognitive-affective, physiological, and behavioral patterns. Events associated with anxiety vary greatly according to individual perceptions. For example, some persons associate public speaking with negative thoughts and images, whereas others fear settings such as closed or locked spaces. Some persons with family histories of extreme sensitivity to the environment develop panic ...