- Subject index
Dual Diagnosis presents a model that integrates theory and research from substance abuse and mental health as well as proposing simultaneous integrated treatment in a single setting. Building upon a solid theoretical and research foundation, the book discusses the unique problems and treatment methods tailored for specific mental illnesses when combined with substance abuse, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, major depression, major personality disorders, and anxiety disorders.
Chapter 4: Schizophrenia and Substance-Related Disorders
Schizophrenia and Substance-Related Disorders
Schizophrenia is a disease of the brain that most researchers believe has a genetic basis. This disorder also has been linked with traumatic events during childhood and viral infections during pregnancy, although there is no empirical evidence to support these linkages. The most likely explanation is that biological or psychosocial events set off the alarm of a gene clock transmitted from parent to child. Events such as accidents, illness, and changing hormones during puberty all may affect the onset of schizophrenia. However, current research and thinking is that individuals and families do not cause schizophrenia.
The substance-related disorders that co-occur with schizophrenia may be substance induced (e.g., alcohol intoxication) or substance use disorders (e.g., caffeine-induced sleep disorder). Some believe ...