- Subject index
Drugs in Prison is an essential handbook for all those who work with prisoners as well as students of penal drugs policy. Comprehensive and easy to use, it: provides up-to-date information on drugs, drug misuse and drugs legislation; outlines government and prison strategies for tackling drug misuse; describes the various methods being used to combat drugs in prison; reviews the effectiveness of these approaches and the performance of different establishments; discusses future strategy and practice. Also featured are extensive index, a glossary, and useful appendices, case studies and checklists, which service to reinforce key learning points.
Chapter 8: What Works?
The limited research that has been done on the effectiveness of treatment and rehabilitation programmes in prisons strongly indicates that treatment is cost-effective, that drug use in prison is reduced and that fewer drugs are used after discharge.
A study in 1992 at Osteraker Prison in Sweden reveals that those who completed their eighteen-month drug treatment programme were 26.7 per cent less likely to relapse and return to custody than a control group at the same prison.
In the Netherlands it has been found that therapeutic drug-free units reduce the level of drug use in prisons and increase the likelihood of prisoners seeking treatment on release.
In Austria, Spain and the USA, methadone maintenance programmes have helped to reduce the number of prisoners sharing ...