From understanding the concepts of research and gathering data, to writing it all up and sharing knowledge, this book will guide your students to become researchers by giving them:  • a confident start with clarity on core concepts and getting it right ethically  • step-by-step guidance at each point in the research process, showing them diversity in approaches, the impact of context and how to overcome problems  • case studies of how real researchers embrace the challenges, surprises and successes of research  • an emphasis on the person in context, so their research is reflective of the realities of social work and social care practice  • a guide to writing it up and achieving impact and positive change with research.

Looking and Seeing1: Visual Methods

Looking and Seeing1: Visual Methods

In this chapter you will learn

  • The epistemological positions or paradigms where visual methods are appropriate
  • When and with whom these methods may be most useful
  • Basic introductory material about several mainstream ‘looking and seeing’ methods
  • The skills needed by researchers for using these methods.


In this chapter we have grouped together a number of research methods that rely on ‘looking and seeing’; that is, methods which are mostly visual. This includes interpreting found visual materials, creating visual materials, as well as disseminating research findings.

As a diverse group of methods they reach across disciplines and are often used in multi- and interdisciplinary settings. The diversity is evident in both the sorts of images used (photographs, diagrams, relational maps, timelines, self-portraits, ...

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