Key need 1 Learning how to creatively and effectively use oneself in the treatment process is an important component of most forms of therapy training. This level of self-awareness is, however, often neglected in research, despite the centrality of the researcher to their work.

Epistemology and Methodology
Epistemology and methodology

This chapter explores the issue of epistemological positioning in our research, in particular the difference between realism, idealism and postmodern critique. It focuses on different approaches or subjectivity and objectivity in research.

  • Research purpose
  • Efficacy research
  • Effectiveness
  • Epistemology
  • Realism
  • Idealism
  • Cartesian doubt
  • The unconscious
  • Lived experience
  • Phenomenon
  • Noema
  • Schizoid attitude in research
  • Phenomenology
  • Narrative inquiry
  • Hermeneutics
  • Ethnography
  • Constructivism
  • Social constructionism
  • Postmodernism
  • Feminist research approach

Therapists with an interest in exploring therapeutic practice have, of course, multiple overarching choices at hand. Barkham et al. (2010: 24) suggest that we think in terms of four types of research ‘to describe the domains of activity that are needed in order to provide a comprehensive approach to the accumulation of evidence’.

  • Efficacy research is interested in specific, measurable aspects of treatment. It focuses on the effects of particular interventions with an interest in questions ...
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