Key need 1 Learning how to creatively and effectively use oneself in the treatment process is an important component of most forms of therapy training. This level of self-awareness is, however, often neglected in research, despite the centrality of the researcher to their work.

What is Evidence-Based Research?
What is evidence-based research?

Randomised controlled trials, systemic reviews and meta-analysis are some of the frequently used terms in today's research about therapy. This chapter looks closely at evidence-based research, focusing on objectivity.

  • Evidence
  • NICE guidance
  • Systematic review
  • Meta-analysis
  • Cochrane library
  • Randomised controlled trials (RCTs)
  • Mixed methods
  • Positivist realism

In the previous chapter, Beverley Costa and Jean-Marc Dewaele explored the benefits with mixed-methods research. Jean-Marc also explained the principles behind quantitative research, for instance with regard to their null hypothesis, factor analysis, etc. In this chapter, we will expand on quantitative research with reference to evidence-based research.

‘Empirically supported’, ‘evidence-based’ methods and ‘treatments’ are, as suggested, guiding concepts in official guidelines about therapy. There is in this sense, as suggested earlier, a shift in the terminology surrounding psychotherapy. Terms like ‘diagnosis’, ...

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