Discourse Studies is the largest, most complete, most diverse and only multidisciplinary introduction to the field. Now combined into a single volume, this essential handbook:
is fully updated from start to finish to cover contemporary debates and research literature; covers everything from grammar, narrative, argumentation, cognition and pragmatics to social, political and critical approaches; adds two new chapters on ideology and identity; puts the student at the center, offering brand new features such as worked examples, sample analyses and recommended further reading
Written and edited by world-class scholars in their fields, it is the essential, one-stop companion for any student of discourse analysis and discourse studies.
Chapter Seven: Discourse and Cognition
Discourse and Cognition
Discourse comprehension is a very rich, multilevel cognitive activity. Consider what it takes to read a simple news story. The words contain letters, pronunciation patterns, meanings, and sometimes emotional nuances. Sentences have syntactic composition, semantic ideas, and stylistic features. Deep comprehension requires the construction of referents of nouns, a discourse focus, presuppositions, and plausible inferences. The reader needs to distinguish old (given) versus new information in the discourse and to acknowledge implicitly what is shared knowledge among individuals in the discourse community (called the common ground). At more global levels, the reader needs to identify the category of the discourse (e.g., objective reports versus editorials), the rhetorical structure, perspectives of different people, and sometimes the attitude of ...