Discourse Studies is the largest, most complete, most diverse and only multidisciplinary introduction to the field. Now combined into a single volume, this essential handbook:
is fully updated from start to finish to cover contemporary debates and research literature; covers everything from grammar, narrative, argumentation, cognition and pragmatics to social, political and critical approaches; adds two new chapters on ideology and identity; puts the student at the center, offering brand new features such as worked examples, sample analyses and recommended further reading
Written and edited by world-class scholars in their fields, it is the essential, one-stop companion for any student of discourse analysis and discourse studies.
Chapter Two: Discourse, Grammar and Interaction
Discourse, Grammar and Interaction
This chapter deals with the relation of discourse to grammar, setting forth what we will call a ‘discourse-functional approach’ to grammatical phenomena. Discourse-functional grammarians view discourse – that is, the spoken, signed or written language used by people to communicate and interact in natural settings – as the primary locus for the grammars of the world's languages, not only as the place where grammar is manifested in use, but also as the source from which grammar is formed or ‘emerges’ (Hopper, 1988). In this view, grammar originates in recurrent patterns in discourse, and these patterns continually shape it. This approach to grammar is distinct from what might be called the ‘autonomist’ approach, which views grammar ...