This textbook brings together a wide range of expert voices from the field of disability studies and the disabled people's movement to tackle the essential topics relevant to this area of study. From the outset disability is discussed from a social model perspective, demonstrating how future practice and discourse could break down barriers and lead to more equal relationships for disabled people in everyday life.
An interdisciplinary and broad-ranging text, the book includes 50 chapters on topics relevant across health and social care. Reflective questions and suggestions for further reading throughout will help readers gain a critical appreciation of the subject and expand their knowledge.
This will be valuable reading for students and professionals across disability studies, health, nursing, social work, social care, social policy and sociology.
The Social Model
The Social Model
While the medical model establishes a view which identifies disability as physical incapacity or abnormality, an alternative framework emerged as a result of the self-organised activity of disabled people during the 1970s. The definitions which would become known as the social model first appeared in Fundamental Principles of Disability, published by the Union of the Physically Impaired Against Segregation (UPIAS) in 1976 (Barnes 2004; Oliver 1990). Disability was reconceptualised here not as an individual problem or as a personal trouble but as a social structural issue. The social model made the following distinctions:
Impairment: lacking part of or all of a limb, or having a defective limb, organ or mechanism of the body.
Disability: the disadvantage or restriction of activity caused by ...