This textbook brings together a wide range of expert voices from the field of disability studies and the disabled people's movement to tackle the essential topics relevant to this area of study. From the outset disability is discussed from a social model perspective, demonstrating how future practice and discourse could break down barriers and lead to more equal relationships for disabled people in everyday life.
An interdisciplinary and broad-ranging text, the book includes 50 chapters on topics relevant across health and social care. Reflective questions and suggestions for further reading throughout will help readers gain a critical appreciation of the subject and expand their knowledge.
This will be valuable reading for students and professionals across disability studies, health, nursing, social work, social care, social policy and sociology.
Chapter 20: Harassment and Hate Crime
Harassment and Hate Crime
In this chapter I am going to use the affirmation model to develop an explanation of disability-related harassment and hate crime. I will distinguish between these and the related concept of discrimination, but suggest that they share a common characteristic of violence. Violence may be verbal, psychological or physical (Rosenberg 2003), but it is always used to diminish. The affirmation model identifies impairment as ‘physical, sensory, emotional and cognitive difference, divergent from socially valued norms of embodiment, to be expected and respected on its own terms in a diverse society’, and disability as ‘a personal and social role which simultaneously invalidates the subject position of people with impairments and validates the subject position of those identified as normal’ (Cameron ...