This textbook brings together a wide range of expert voices from the field of disability studies and the disabled people's movement to tackle the essential topics relevant to this area of study. From the outset disability is discussed from a social model perspective, demonstrating how future practice and discourse could break down barriers and lead to more equal relationships for disabled people in everyday life.
An interdisciplinary and broad-ranging text, the book includes 50 chapters on topics relevant across health and social care. Reflective questions and suggestions for further reading throughout will help readers gain a critical appreciation of the subject and expand their knowledge.
This will be valuable reading for students and professionals across disability studies, health, nursing, social work, social care, social policy and sociology.
Chapter 2: The Affirmation Model
The Affirmation Model
The affirmation model was first named and suggested by Swain and French (2000) as an intervention in the ongoing debate around the social model (see Chapter 44). Disabled feminists (e.g. Crow 1996; Morris 1991; Thomas 1999) had argued that the social model over-emphasises social structural barriers and ignores personal and experiential aspects of disability, and the affirmation model was proposed to address these criticisms. Rooting their idea in the values of Disability Pride and perspectives emerging from the disability arts movement, Swain and French identified the affirmation model as a critique of the personal tragedy model corresponding to the social model as a critique of the medical model.
The affirmation model was, they stated:
essentially a non-tragic view of disability and impairment ...