• Summary
  • Contents
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Developments in Psychotherapy charts and explores the origins and historical development of the major fields in counseling and psychotherapy, including person-centered, transactional analysis, Gestalt, cognitive, and behavioral therapy. Leading British and American psychotherapists discuss in detail the development of each approach-how, why, and where it came about-and the context and influences under which it was formulated. The contributors survey the evolution of the approaches and explain the significant shifts and trends that have occurred in their theory and practice, advances that are often not recognized or fully understood. Finally, the present-day roles of the different therapies are considered so that readers can relate them to their historical contexts. Highlighting the historical development of important therapeutic approaches, Developments in Psychotherapy will be a useful resource for all student and practicing counselors and psychotherapists.

Developments in Cognitive Therapy: 1960–95
Developments in cognitive therapy: 1960–95
Marjorie E.Weishaar

Cognitive therapy is a form of psychotherapy which focuses on how an individual perceives, interprets and assigns meanings to experiences. It is based on an information-processing model which posits that during psychological distress a person's thinking becomes more rigid and distorted, judgements become overgeneralized and absolute, and the person's basic beliefs about the self and the world become fixed. Cognitive therapy is an active, structured, time-limited form of therapy. It is a collaborative process of examining and empirically testing clients' maladaptive beliefs and finding alternative, more productive ways of responding. Clients' beliefs are treated as hypotheses to be tested through verbal examination and behavioural experiments. The goals of therapy are (1) to teach the patient ...

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