Developments in Psychotherapy charts and explores the origins and historical development of the major fields in counseling and psychotherapy, including person-centered, transactional analysis, Gestalt, cognitive, and behavioral therapy. Leading British and American psychotherapists discuss in detail the development of each approach-how, why, and where it came about-and the context and influences under which it was formulated. The contributors survey the evolution of the approaches and explain the significant shifts and trends that have occurred in their theory and practice, advances that are often not recognized or fully understood. Finally, the present-day roles of the different therapies are considered so that readers can relate them to their historical contexts. Highlighting the historical development of important therapeutic approaches, Developments in Psychotherapy will be a useful resource for all student and practicing counselors and psychotherapists.
Chapter 3: Developments in Transactional Analysis
Developments in Transactional Analysis
Transactional analysis (TA) traces its history back to the mid-1950s. Like several other therapies, TA credits its origins to the work of one person. TA's founding father was Eric Berne (1910–70). Berne's original training was in psychoanalysis, and the roots of his theory lie firmly in psychodynamic thinking.
Like other therapies also, TA has seen a division in theory and practice into several sub-schools following the death of its founder. More recently there has been a period of consolidation, in which the discipline has made further progress that goes beyond the bounds of any one of these schools.
I have arranged this chapter in a simple chronological scheme. Its five sections trace five epochs in the development of TA. First, ...