Developmental Psychology provides student readers with essential help in all aspects of their first course in developmental psychology, including advice on revising exams, preparing and writing course assessment materials, and enhancing and progressing their knowledge and skills in line with course requirements on a developmental psychology course.
Chapter 1.4: Founding Figures and Their Core Ideas
Founding Figures and Their Core Ideas
The core ideas of the founding figures had either a philosophical influence (their ideas and beliefs impacted on thinking about developmental psychology) or a methodological influence (their ways of working and research studies influenced the development and thinking about developmental psychology).
Karl Ernst von Baer (1792–1876) – challenged the existing ideas that development follows a predetermined course as characteristics are already set at birth (preformationism), or that it moves through various stages which imitate that of the adult form of the species from which it has evolved (recapitulationism). Instead he introduced the idea that development occurs in stages, allowing for individual characteristics to emerge from more general ones.
Charles Darwin (1809–1882) – Darwin's evolutionary theory paved ...