Developmental Psychology provides student readers with essential help in all aspects of their first course in developmental psychology, including advice on revising exams, preparing and writing course assessment materials, and enhancing and progressing their knowledge and skills in line with course requirements on a developmental psychology course.

Social Influences on Development

Social influences on development

Core Areas

  • Cognitive socialisation
  • Emotional socialisation
  • Family
  • Parental styles
  • Peers
  • Socialisation
  • Symbolic play
  • Zone of proximal development

Learning Outcomes

By the end of this section you should be able to:

  • define the key concepts;
  • understand what is involved in the process of socialisation;
  • be able to recognise the general contribution that parents make to this process, including to the social, cognitive and moral development of the child;
  • examine the research evidence about the role peers play in development;
  • outline the various kinds of play and the theories surrounding its contribution to development;
  • evaluate the social influence of parents/peers on development.

Running Themes

  • Behaviourism
  • Cognitive-developmental viewpoint
  • Dynamic systems approach
  • Ecological validity
  • Nurture
  • Psychoanalytic viewpoint
  • Transformational change
  • Variational change


The social influences on development are many and varied, but just three specific areas will be focused on in this section – the role of parents/family, ...

locked icon

Sign in to access this content

Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

  • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
  • Read modern, diverse business cases
  • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles