Written by one of the leading authorities in the field, the Second Edition of this successful book:
Situates students in the expanding field of development theory; Provides an unrivalled guide to the strengths and weaknesses of competing theoretical approaches; Explains key concepts; Examines the shifts in theory; Offers an agenda for the future
In this book, the author brings a huge range of experience and knowledge about the relationship between the economically advanced and the emerging, developing nations.
Chapter 1: Trends in Development Theory
Trends in Development Theory
Development in Question
Globalization and regionalization are overtaking the standard unit of development, the nation. International institutions and market forces are overtaking the role of the state, the conventional agent of development. The classic aim of development, modernization or catching up with advanced countries, is in question because modernization is no longer an obvious ambition. Modernity no longer seems so attractive in view of ecological problems, the consequences of technological change and many other problems. Westernization no longer seems compelling in a time of revaluing local culture and cultural diversity. In view of the idea of multiple modernities, the question is modernization towards which modernity? Several development decades have not measured up to expectations, especially in Africa and parts ...