Today’s secondary classrooms are increasingly diverse places and skilled English teachers need to be able to develop flexible teaching strategies that can be adapted to best serve diverse learners with divergent needs. This textbook for pre-service teachers gives them pragmatic guidance on the major aspects of literacy teaching, and how to draw insight research and apply it in diverse classrooms. Key coverage includes: • The fundamental aspects of teaching reading and writing to adolescent learners. • How to intelligently select and use literature with secondary students. • Multi-literacies and the use of technology in English teaching. • Assessment strategies for the classroom. • Teaching techniques for developing reading comprehension. This is essential reading for anyone training to teach English in secondary classrooms, and for recently qualified teachers looking to sharpen their practice.

Reading Comprehension

Reading Comprehension

Chapter objectives

  • To understand the thinking processes that occur in reading comprehension.
  • To develop appropriate instructional approaches to develop reading comprehension.
  • To develop a repertoire of strategies that foster reading engagement and reading independence.

Key questions

  • How do readers process text?
  • How do readers construct and integrate meaning to comprehend text?
  • How do readers use metacognition to regulate their own learning?

Key words:

Comprehension, language, memory, vocabulary, fluency, context, questioning, reading, strategies.


Reading comprehension is a constructive, cognitive activity influenced by factors within the learner and by other external factors such as text readability, task difficulty, socio-cultural purposes and literacy practices. This chapter explores the notion that readers actively engage in constructing a meaningful interpretation while reading print or electronic text. It is essentially a meaning making process that is ...

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